The above illustration is taken from De tribus generibus instrumentorum musicę veterum organicę dissertatio, written by Francisci Blanchini and published in Rome in 1742. In the accompanying text, the instrument is described by the Greek name polyaulos (poly- meaning "many" and aulos meaning "reedpipe") and the Latinised Chinese name cinfochum (a name I have encountered nowhere else). Although it would appear to be some sort of sheng-like instrument, the author's description of it read more like a description of some sort of bagpipe, although the absence of a blow pipe in the picture makes no sense for either a bagpipe or a mouth organ, which makes me wonder whether the writer was describing something based on secondhand information.
Blanchini states that the invention of this instrument is credited to the Emperor Fohio and that it was first brought to Europe by one Philipus Fouquet in 1685.
A Brief History of Mouth Blown Free Reed Instruments
What Is A Free Reed?
Origins Of The Free Reed
Eastern Free Reed Instruments
A Selective Discography Of Asian Free Reed Instruments
Western Free Reed Instruments
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