The fangsheng (方笙) is a comparatively rare form of the sheng, found mostly in Henan Province and parts of Shangdong. "Fang" means "square" and the windchest of this type is rectangular in shape, with the pipes arranged in three crosswise rows:
This particular example is a fairly traditional one, having a wooden windchest and 14 pipes. It is in the key of Bb, giving a Bb major scale of one octave plus a fourth, starting on the F above middle C, with a couple of repeated notes and an E natural added:
It seems likely that the more common circular arrangement of pipes is comparatively recent. Many older examples of sheng used the crosswise arrangement, such as this one excavated from the tomb of Marquis Yi (circa 430 BCE).
A Brief History of Mouth Blown Free Reed Instruments
What Is A Free Reed?
Origins Of The Free Reed
Eastern Free Reed Instruments
A Selective Discography Of Asian Free Reed Instruments
Western Free Reed Instruments
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