The above illustration is taken from Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung 30 (1829) and shows the Neu Tschiang ("New Sheng") invented by Gerichtsaktuarius Reichstein, a wind instrument maker from Gnadenfeld, near the German Russian border. As its name suggests, it was inspired by the Chinese sheng, although presumably it used Western-style free reeds rather than the sort used in the sheng. It is described as being approximately 30cm by 10cm and had 16 keys, giving a three octave diatonic range.
Here is a link to what appears to be a similar instrument (or at least the remnants of one) in the Stearns Musical Instrument Collection.
A Brief History of Mouth Blown Free Reed Instruments
What Is A Free Reed?
Origins Of The Free Reed
Eastern Free Reed Instruments
A Selective Discography Of Asian Free Reed Instruments
Western Free Reed Instruments
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