The tödiap (also spelled töjiap, or tödiep), also known as toki or dding-rowang, is a side-blown free reed horn used by the Jarai of the Vietnamese Central Highlands. A slot is cut into the side of a water buffalo horn and a mouthpiece made of wax is built over it, containing an idioglottal free reed made of bamboo which responds to both blowing and drawing:
Originally, they were made from elephant tusks and used to signal victory in warfare. Today it is used for certain tribal rituals. Some specimens are open at both ends of the horn and by partially covering one or both ends, various pitches can be produced. This particular one is only open at the wider end.
A Brief History of Mouth Blown Free Reed Instruments
What Is A Free Reed?
Origins Of The Free Reed
Eastern Free Reed Instruments
A Selective Discography Of Asian Free Reed Instruments
Western Free Reed Instruments
Return to Main Index