Although it looks like a traditional folk instrument, the fulusheng is a 21st century invention. Patented in 2011 by Zhang Zhiyuan, the fulusheng works in a similar fashion to the suifukin and the Harmonichord. The body of the instrument is a dried bottle gourd with eight fingerholes and two thumbholes, each hole containing a small tube with a harmonica-like free reed inside, as shown in this diagram from the patent:
Blowing into the mouthpiece and uncovering a hole allows a particular reed to sound. The scale of the fulusheng seems influenced by instruments such as the hulusi, with the ten notes giving a gapped A minor scale: E, G, A, B, C, D, E, F, G and A.
A Brief History of Mouth Blown Free Reed Instruments
What Is A Free Reed?
Origins Of The Free Reed
Eastern Free Reed Instruments
A Selective Discography Of Asian Free Reed Instruments
Western Free Reed Instruments
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