© 2005 P. Missin - Details

US Patent 925778

Issued in 1909, Robert Lanier Snr's patent covers "A harmonica comprising an annular reed supporting member having air ducts extending radially from the periphery of the member to the reeds, and a windchest enclosing the reeds", or in plain English - a circular harmonica. The drawing of the reedplate shows that essentially three ten hole harmonicas have been joined in a circle:

Lanier suggests that the three sections be tuned in the keys of C, F and G, "being understood of course that these keys are arbitrarily named and any other combination of keys may be provided, also that any number of different keys may be provided within the limit of the circumference of the instrument".

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